Q: What is Fecal Incontinence?
Fecal Incontinence is the unintended loss of stool.
Q: Are there different types of Fecal incontinence?
Fecal incontinence can involve loss of solid stool, or liquid stool
Q: What causes Fecal incontinence?
For solid stool incontinence, one possible cause may be weakness of the pelvic floor muscles, and/or weakness or disruption of the anal sphincter complex. Pelvic organ prolapse, especially rectocele can contribute to constipation and fecal incontinence. There are many different possible causes of liquid fecal incontinence, and these require a careful, detailed evaluation by your primary care Doctor.
Q: How is Fecal incontinence diagnosed?
In women who complain of stool loss, there is a test called a Defagram (of Defecography) which can help to diagnose the Fecal incontinence.
Q: Is Fecal incontinence life threatening?
Because Fecal Incontinence can have many different causes, it is best to have this problem evaluated by a doctor in order to determine if it is caused by a serious underlying problem.
Q: Are there nonsurgical treatments for Fecal incontinence?
Once the life-threatening causes of fecal incontinence are ruled out, nonsurgical treatments can include stool bulking agents like fiber supplements, as well as injectable anal mucosal bulking agents.
Q: What are the surgical options for treating Fecal incontinence?
Surgical options for treating Fecal incontinence should begin with correcting any prolapse that may be present. Other surgical therapies include a technique known as sacral neuromodulation (which is a kind of pacemaker for the bowels), and anal sphincteroplasty, which is a repair of the anal sphincter complex.